Women cannot pass citizenship to their children (Under the Nationality Law No 6. of 1954) or spouse in the same way that men can. Jordanian women married to non-Jordanian men cannot pass their citizenship to their children or husbands, although they may retain their own.
As a result, children who are unable to obtain citizenship are denied employment opportunities and are unable to access certain services, such as free education and health services, unless they qualify for a special identity card.
Jordanian mothers must legally reside in Jordan for at least five years before their children are eligible for the identity card.
Women nationals can pass on nationality to their children only in special circumstances, such as where the father’s nationality is unknown, the father is stateless, or where the father’s filiation is not established.
Jordanian men do not face these restrictions on passing citizenship to their child or spouse.
Foreign women and girls who are married to Jordanian men aren’t entirely protected under Jordanian law, which exposes them to increased security risks.
A non-Jordanian woman (of Arab nationality) who marries a Jordanian man must wait three years for citizenship. This provision applies to refugees, asylum seekers and all other women.
In practice, this can be particularly harmful to women fleeing conflict and looking for safety in Jordan. If the marriage does not last the three- or five-year threshold, women risk losing their Jordanian residency status.
A non-Jordanian mother too becomes at risk of forced separation from her children if her husband dies or divorces her.