A woman is entitled to present conditions in a marriage contract before consenting to marriage, such as the ability to work.
The Personal Status Law allows a parent or husband to prevent a woman from working if it is considered that doing so would harm family unity. However, if the condition is stipulated in the marriage contract, she cannot be prevented.
Men have legal obligations to financially and materially provide for their wives.
The wife owes obedience to her husband, meaning permission must be obtained for things not included in the marriage contract for example, working outside the home. A woman risks losing the right to financial support if the husbands consent to employment isn’t received (and it isn’t agreed upon).
Once a husband has accepted the wife’s work, he can’t refuse her right to financial support by withdrawing his approval for her being employed. Additionally, if a woman was employed prior to marriage, the husband cannot object after the fact.
The wife retains rights over her own property and, unlike her husband, she is not obligated to use any of her income to support her family. Any money she earns independently belongs to her alone. However, the husband is considered the legal guardian of the children. The wife is only granted custody.
Polygamy is permitted for Muslim men, but the husband must prove financial ability to support more than one wife and must inform an existing wife of his intention to take an additional wife.