Sharia rules of inheritance must be applied by courts of all religions.
In some important respects, women’s share of an inheritance is generally half of that to which men of the same relationship are entitled. A sister receives half the amount that a brother receives. A husband receives twice the amount from his deceased wife’s estate compared to the amount the wife receives from the estate of her deceased husband.
Although women’s rights to inheritance are clearly stated in the law, in practice many women are effectively denied any inheritance.
To prevent women from being pressured to give up their inheritance quota, rules have been introduced to restrict exit transactions (voluntary waiver of inheritance quotas). The property of the deceased must be registered in the
name of the female immediately after death, and there is a three-month waiting period before a female can waive her inheritance rights. Registration of any public or private exit transaction is prohibited by court instructions introduced in 2011 for three months after the death.
This provision temporarily protects women from the pressure that male family members sometimes place on women to
waive their inheritance rights immediately after a death. However, the instructions stipulate that the public exit transactions may be registered with the approval of the judge before this period has passed, where there is legal justification.