GENDER EQUALITY IN THE CONSTITUTION & NATIONAL CHARTER

Article 6 of the Constitution of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan provides:

1. Jordanians shall be equal before the law. There shall be no discrimination between them about to their rights and duties on grounds of race, language, or religion.

2. Defending the homeland, its land and people’s unity, and maintaining social peace are sacred duties of every Jordanian.

3. The government shall ensure work and education within the limits of its possibilities, and it shall ensure a state of tranquillity and equal opportunities to all Jordanians.

4. Family is the foundation of the society. It is founded on religion, morals, and patriotism. The law preserves its legal entity, strengthens its ties and values.

5. The law protects motherhood, childhood, and the elderly, cares for youth and the disabled, and protects them from offence and exploitation.

Reference in the Constitution to the rights of Jordanians includes both men and women. However, the Constitution does not specifically prohibit gender discrimination. National reports issued by Jordan arising from international human rights conventions recognize that the Constitution does not distinguish between women and men.

1991 National Charter: Equality of citizens

Chap. 1(8). Jordanian men and women are equal under the law. There shall be no distinction between them in rights and obligations regardless of difference in race, language, or religion.

Chap. 5(6). Women are men’s partners and equals in contributing to the growth and development of Jordanian society. This requires an affirmation of women’s constitutional and legal rights to equality, guidance, training, and employment as a means of enabling them to play their proper role in the growth and development of society.

Jordan’s Comprehensive National Human Rights Plan (2016–2025) commits to the promotion and protection of women’s rights to ensure justice and equal opportunities by:

 Reviewing laws related to women’s rights and propose amendments in a participatory framework.

 Ensuring the extent of the application of the legislation related to women’s rights in public and private sector institutions.

 Providing a safe environment for women to live a stable life in the family, work, and society.

 Conducting a comprehensive revision of national plans, strategies, and programmes targeting their development

 Ensuring their implementation to ensure women’s enjoyment of rights.

 Drafting national policies that empower women and take into account financial aspects within the general budget law.

 Organizing capacity-building programmes for governmental and non-governmental institutions regarding women’s rights.

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